Two-sided chance constraints

JuMPChance supports two-sided chance constraints of the form

\[P(l \leq x^Tz \leq u) \geq 1- \epsilon\]

where \(l\), \(x\), and \(u\) are decision variables or affine functions of decision variables, \(z\) is a vector of independent jointly normal random variables with provided means and variances, and \(0 < \epsilon < \frac{1}{2}\). This constraint holds iff there exists \(t\) such that \(t \geq \sqrt{\sum_i (\sigma_ix_i)^2}\) and \((l-\mu^Tx,u-\mu^Tx,t) \in \bar S_\epsilon\) where

\[\bar S_\epsilon = \operatorname{closure} \{ (l,u,t) : \Phi(u/t) - \Phi(l/t) \geq 1-\epsilon, t > 0 \}\]

Note that \(\bar S_\epsilon\) is the conic hull of \(S_\epsilon\) where

\[S_\epsilon = \{ (l,u) : \Phi(u) - \Phi(l) \geq 1-\epsilon \}\]

A report outlining these results is available on arXiv.

Using two-sided constraints

The syntax for two-sided constraints is as follows:

@constraint(m, l <= x*z <= u, with_probability = 0.95, approx="1.25")
@constraint(m, l <= x*z <= u, with_probability = 0.95, approx="2.0")

Any affine expression of the decision variables can appear as lower or upper bounds. Random variables may only appear in the expression in the middle. You can use sum{} as in standard JuMP constraints, e.g.:

@constraint(m, l <= sum{ x[i]*z[i], i=1:n } + sum{ c[j], j=1:m } <= u)

Given a chance constraint with probability \(1-\epsilon\), the current implementation provides two different formulations, indicated by the approx parameter. The approx parameter may be set to "1.25" or "2.0". The formulation guarantees that that the constraint will be satisfied with probability \(1-approx*\epsilon\). This is not a conservative approximation. After a model is solved, you can check the probability level at which a constraint holds as follows:

constraint_ref = @constraint(m, l <= x*z <= u, with_probability = 1-0.05, approx="1.25")
solve(m, method=:Reformulate)
satisfied_with = JuMPChance.satisfied_with_probability(constraint_ref)
println("The chance constraint is satisfied with probability $satisfied_with.")